AR Coatings Explained

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Reflection is the change in direction of a wavefront at an interface between two different media so that the wavefront returns into the medium from which it originated. Common examples include the reflection of lightsound and water waves. When light meets a glass surface, some of the light is reflected. This reflection depends primarily on three factors:

  1. The angle of incidence

  2. The refractive indices of the glass

  3. The medium the light is coming from (e.g., air)

The fraction of the reflected and transmitted light can be determined using the Fresnel equations. In case the angle of incidence is perpendicular to the glass surface, the fraction of reflected light is given by the reflection coefficient or reflectance, R, with n0 being the refractive index of the medium the light is coming from (e.g., air with n ≈ 1) and nG being the refractive index of the glass (see equation at right):

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The light passing through glass is not only reflected on the front surface, but also on the back. In fact, the light may be reflected back and forth several times. Therefore, the total reflectance through a glass window is 2·R / (1+R). According to these formulas, about 8% of the light is reflected from common soda-lime window glass, assuming perpendicular incidence angle and no absorption and scattering. If absorption and scattering are neglected, then the transmission coefficient or transmittance, T, is always 1-R.

For more information check out You can download a simple reflection calculator here.

How MoreSun® Reduces Reflective Losses

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MoreSun® AR coating works by providing an incoming photon with a more gradual transition from air to glass. After MoreSun® cures it is silica - the same substance as the glass beneath it - but during both the manufacturing process and the curing process, MoreSun® creates a unique silica structure, only 140 nm thick, on the glass surface that reduces the refractive index and also helps reduce losses from reflections on the back of the glass.

MoreSun® under an electron microscope

MoreSun® under an electron microscope

What Makes MORESUN® Unique

All AR Coatings work on the same principle of reducing the refractive index. MoreSun’s® proprietary formula, however, reduces reflected light losses better than any other commercially available product. Additionally, MoreSun’s® unique low-temperature, fast-cure technology enables it to be used on surfaces and in conditions where most traditional AR Coatings will not work, for example, on thin-film solar modules, in heat sensitive types of glass, and in the retrofit solar market where high-heat-cured traditional coatings are not feasible.

Beyond the MoreSun® chemistry, the company’s patented field deposition technology allows far greater precision in installation to ensure a highly uniform and accurate application.